How and when did tourism appear in the world. History of travel development

How and when did tourism appear in the world. History of travel development The first travels, which began as early as 2000 years before the birth of Christ, were inextricably linked with trade. At that time, the port of Lothal, located between the Indus Valley and the Sumerian civilization, was considered an important trading center.

Later, around the 7th century BC, travel became an early form of leisure. There is information about this from the times of Babylon and Ancient Egypt. For example, the first public museum was opened in Babylon, in which various antiquities were exhibited. And in Egypt, religious holidays were held, which attracted pilgrims and all those who were interested from other lands. Egypt was also visited by those who wanted to see with their own eyes works of art and unique buildings.

At the same time, in India, as in other countries, statesmen and leaders made great journeys. This was mainly done to strengthen power. The common people traveled mainly as pilgrims.

A century later, the ancient Greeks began to travel to healing places. In the same period, sports were born and actively developed, and Athens became an important tourist center, where tourists from other parts of the country and the world come to see the famous Parthenon. In large settlements and ports, the first hotels were set up, where courtesans were the main entertainment.

At the same time, the first travel notes appeared. For the first time guidebooks began to be compiled by Herodotus, who described Athens, Troy, Sparta. In the 4th century, road signs appeared, suggesting the location of hotels.

In the Roman Empire, after the fall of the borders between states, from England to Syria, and also due to the reduction of pirates in the waters of the seas, the conditions for tourism also improved dramatically. For the first time, high-quality roads and hotels were equipped. The inhabitants of Rome enjoyed visiting Greece, Sicily, Rhodes, Troy and Egypt.

Starting from the III century BC. tours to the Holy Land became popular. And it was the Romans who first began to draw in travel notes various symbols indicating the quality of service of certain hotels.

Rich dachas appear near Rome, which were especially in demand in the spring. Luxurious resorts were built near the Gulf of Naples, and Naples itself began to attract the elderly, bohemians and intellectuals.

Lovers of beauty and fashion began to gather in Kumy, and in Bayi, on the contrary, representatives of the lower classes liked to relax. That is why the resort became famous for night hooligans and unbridled libations.

Tourism and travel at this time reached an unprecedented level.
To be continued…

Last news

16.04.2022 How and when did tourism appear in the world. History of the development of travel. Part 3

In past episodes of the history of the development of world tourism, the periods before the birth of Christ, ancient times, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance were covered. This article of the collection will consider the development of travel in the 19th century.

13.04.2022 How and when did tourism appear in the world. History of the development of travel. Part 2

Continuation of a selection of key facts in the history of tourism. Next in line is the Middle Ages, the Grand Tours, the beginning of the 19th century.

10.04.2022 How and when did tourism appear in the world. History of travel development

Tourism, as a hobby, leisure or destination, appeared even before our era. About where and under what circumstances the first travels began will be discussed in this article.